China OEM Stepping Motor with 12V DC Voltage vacuum pump oil near me

Product Description

Key Specifications

Rated voltage: 12V DC
Coil resistance: 10ω ± 7%
Number of phase: 2
Step angle: 7.5° /step
Drive mode: Bi-polar drive
Max starting pulse rate: 1, 200PPS min/12V DC
Max slewing pulse rate: 1, 800PPS min/12V DC


      HangZhou CHINAMFG Electronic CO.,LTD. are mainly engaged in developing, producing and marketing high-performance industry rotary encoder,potentiometer,switches,DC motor.passed ISO9001, ISO14001, ISO/TS16949.
      With the strong R&D team ,our company have gained several proprietary intellectual property rights,seven software copyrights and 1 patent have been achieved . Three patents for invention are applied on the way.


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Application: Printing Equipment
Speed: Variable Speed
Number of Stator: Two-Phase
Excitation Mode: VR-Variable Reluctance
Function: Driving
Number of Poles: 2
US$ 30/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)




dc motor

What is a DC motor, and how does it differ from other types of electric motors?

A DC (Direct Current) motor is an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical motion. It operates based on the principle of electromagnetic induction and the interaction between current-carrying conductors and magnetic fields. DC motors are widely used in various applications due to their simplicity, controllability, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of what a DC motor is and how it differs from other types of electric motors:

1. Basic Operation:

In a DC motor, electrical energy is supplied to the motor’s armature through a DC power source, typically a battery or a rectified power supply. The armature consists of multiple coils or windings that are evenly spaced around the motor’s rotor. The rotor is a cylindrical core with a shaft that rotates when the motor is energized. When current flows through the armature windings, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the fixed magnetic field produced by the motor’s stator. This interaction generates a torque, causing the rotor to rotate.

2. Commutation:

DC motors employ a commutator and brushes for the conversion of electrical energy and the rotation of the rotor. The commutator consists of a segmented cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft, and the brushes are stationary conductive contacts that make contact with the commutator segments. As the rotor spins, the brushes maintain contact with the commutator segments, periodically reversing the direction of the current flow in the armature windings. This reversal of current flow in the armature windings ensures continuous rotation of the rotor in the same direction.

3. Types of DC Motors:

DC motors can be classified into different types based on their construction and the method of field excitation. The two main types are:

  • Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a mechanical commutator and brushes to switch the current direction in the armature windings. These motors are relatively simple, cost-effective, and offer good torque characteristics. However, the commutator and brushes require regular maintenance and can generate electrical noise and brush wear debris.
  • Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Brushless DC motors, also known as electronically commutated motors (ECMs), use electronic circuits and sensors to control the current flow in the motor windings. They eliminate the need for brushes and commutators, resulting in reduced maintenance and improved reliability. BLDC motors offer higher efficiency, smoother operation, and better speed control compared to brushed DC motors.

4. Speed Control:

DC motors provide excellent speed control capabilities. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed of the DC motor can be regulated. Lowering the voltage reduces the motor’s speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This feature makes DC motors suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics, conveyor systems, and electric vehicles.

5. Advantages and Disadvantages:

DC motors have several advantages, including:

  • Simple construction and easy maintenance (for brushed DC motors).
  • High starting torque.
  • Precise speed control.
  • Good controllability over a wide range of loads.

However, DC motors also have some limitations, such as:

  • Brushed DC motors require periodic maintenance and have limited brush life.
  • Brushed DC motors can generate electrical noise.
  • Brushless DC motors are often more expensive compared to brushed DC motors.

6. Differences from Other Electric Motors:

DC motors differ from other types of electric motors, such as AC (Alternating Current) motors, in several ways:

  • Power Source: DC motors require a DC power source, while AC motors operate from an AC power supply.
  • Speed Control: DC motors offer precise speed control by adjusting the applied voltage, whereas AC motors typically rely on frequency control for speed regulation.
  • Construction: DC motors use a commutator and brushes (in brushed DC motors) or electronic commutation (in brushless DC motors), while AC motors do not require commutation.
  • Starting Torque: DC motors typically provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors.

Overall, DC motors are versatile and widely used in various applications due to their controllability, speed regulation capabilities, and simplicity. The advancements inpower electronics and motor control technologies have further enhanced the performance and efficiency of DC motors, making them a popular choice in many industries.

dc motor

How do DC motors compare to AC motors in terms of performance and efficiency?

When comparing DC (Direct Current) motors and AC (Alternating Current) motors, several factors come into play, including performance and efficiency. Here’s a detailed explanation of how DC motors and AC motors compare in terms of performance and efficiency:

1. Performance:

Speed Control: DC motors typically offer better speed control compared to AC motors. DC motors can be easily controlled by varying the voltage applied to the armature, allowing for precise and smooth speed regulation. On the other hand, AC motors rely on complex control methods such as variable frequency drives (VFDs) to achieve speed control, which can be more challenging and costly.

Starting Torque: DC motors generally provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors. The presence of a separate field winding in DC motors allows for independent control of the field current, enabling higher torque during motor startup. AC motors, especially induction motors, typically have lower starting torque, requiring additional starting mechanisms or devices.

Reversibility: DC motors offer inherent reversibility, meaning they can easily change their rotational direction by reversing the polarity of the applied voltage. AC motors, particularly induction motors, require more complex control mechanisms to achieve reversible operation.

Dynamic Response: DC motors have faster dynamic response characteristics compared to AC motors. They can quickly accelerate or decelerate, making them suitable for applications that require rapid changes in speed or precise control, such as robotics or servo systems.

2. Efficiency:

Full Load Efficiency: AC motors, especially three-phase induction motors, generally exhibit higher full load efficiencies compared to DC motors. This efficiency advantage is primarily due to the absence of commutation and the use of a rotating magnetic field in AC motors, which results in reduced energy losses and improved efficiency.

Partial Load Efficiency: DC motors can have higher efficiency at partial loads compared to AC motors. DC motors can be controlled by adjusting the armature voltage, allowing them to operate at reduced power while maintaining relatively high efficiency. AC motors, especially induction motors, may experience reduced efficiency at partial loads due to factors such as increased iron losses and reduced power factor.

Regenerative Braking: DC motors offer the advantage of regenerative braking, where the motor acts as a generator and converts kinetic energy into electrical energy during deceleration or braking. This regenerative braking capability allows for energy recovery, increasing overall system efficiency. AC motors typically require additional components or systems to achieve regenerative braking.

Power Factor: AC motors, when properly designed and operated, can have a power factor close to unity. This means that they draw relatively low reactive power from the electrical grid, resulting in improved power system efficiency. DC motors, on the other hand, may exhibit a lower power factor and require power factor correction measures if necessary.

In summary, DC motors and AC motors have their respective strengths and weaknesses in terms of performance and efficiency. DC motors excel in speed control, starting torque, reversibility, and dynamic response. AC motors, particularly three-phase induction motors, generally offer higher full load efficiency and power factor. However, DC motors can achieve higher efficiency at partial loads and have the advantage of regenerative braking. The choice between DC motors and AC motors depends on the specific application requirements, cost considerations, and the desired balance between performance and efficiency.

dc motor

Can DC motors be used in robotics, and if so, what are some notable applications?

Yes, DC (Direct Current) motors can be used in robotics, and they are widely employed in various robotic applications. DC motors offer several advantages that make them suitable for robotic systems, including their controllability, compact size, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of how DC motors are used in robotics and some notable applications:

DC Motors in Robotics:

DC motors are commonly used in robotics due to their ability to provide precise speed control and torque output. They can be easily controlled by adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, allowing for accurate and responsive motion control in robotic systems. Additionally, DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for applications with limited space and weight constraints.

There are two main types of DC motors used in robotics:

  1. DC Brushed Motors: These motors have a commutator and carbon brushes that provide the electrical connection to the rotating armature. They are relatively simple in design and cost-effective. However, they may require maintenance due to brush wear.
  2. DC Brushless Motors: These motors use electronic commutation instead of brushes, resulting in improved reliability and reduced maintenance requirements. They are often more efficient and offer higher power density compared to brushed motors.

Notable Applications of DC Motors in Robotics:

DC motors find applications in various robotic systems across different industries. Here are some notable examples:

1. Robotic Manipulators: DC motors are commonly used in robotic arms and manipulators to control the movement of joints and end-effectors. They provide precise control over position, speed, and torque, allowing robots to perform tasks such as pick-and-place operations, assembly, and material handling in industrial automation, manufacturing, and logistics.

2. Mobile Robots: DC motors are extensively utilized in mobile robots, including autonomous vehicles, drones, and rovers. They power the wheels or propellers, enabling the robot to navigate and move in different environments. DC motors with high torque output are particularly useful for off-road or rugged terrain applications.

3. Humanoid Robots: DC motors play a critical role in humanoid robots, which aim to replicate human-like movements and capabilities. They are employed in various joints, including those of the head, arms, legs, and hands, allowing humanoid robots to perform complex movements and tasks such as walking, grasping objects, and facial expressions.

4. Robotic Exoskeletons: DC motors are used in robotic exoskeletons, which are wearable devices designed to enhance human strength and mobility. They provide the necessary actuation and power for assisting or augmenting human movements, such as walking, lifting heavy objects, and rehabilitation purposes.

5. Educational Robotics: DC motors are popular in educational robotics platforms and kits, including those used in schools, universities, and hobbyist projects. They provide a cost-effective and accessible way for students and enthusiasts to learn about robotics, programming, and control systems.

6. Precision Robotics: DC motors with high-precision control are employed in applications that require precise positioning and motion control, such as robotic surgery systems, laboratory automation, and 3D printing. The ability of DC motors to achieve accurate and repeatable movements makes them suitable for tasks that demand high levels of precision.

These are just a few examples of how DC motors are used in robotics. The flexibility, controllability, and compactness of DC motors make them a popular choice in a wide range of robotic applications, contributing to the advancement of automation, exploration, healthcare, and other industries.

China OEM Stepping Motor with 12V DC Voltage   vacuum pump oil near me		China OEM Stepping Motor with 12V DC Voltage   vacuum pump oil near me
editor by CX 2024-03-01


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