China supplier LG DC 12V 4W Motor vacuum pump engine

Product Description

DC Refrigerator Motor, LG DC Evaporator Fan Motor

Voltage: 12V
Power: 4W
Speed: 2050RPM
Rotation: CW


High Quality 12V DC Motor For GE Refrigerator ((Evaporator Fan Motor):

Technical Parameter As Follow:

Model Rated Voltage(V) Revolution(rpm) Shaft Diameter(mm) Rotation
DC MOTOR 9-12 2100-3000 3.2 CW/CCW 

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Application: Universal
Operating Speed: Constant Speed
Excitation Mode: Excited
Casing Protection: Closed Type
Structure and Working Principle: Brushless
Type: DC Type


dc motor

How does the speed control of a DC motor work, and what methods are commonly employed?

The speed control of a DC (Direct Current) motor is essential for achieving precise control over its rotational speed. Various methods can be employed to regulate the speed of a DC motor, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation of how speed control of a DC motor works and the commonly employed methods:

1. Voltage Control:

One of the simplest methods to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the applied voltage. By adjusting the voltage supplied to the motor, the electromotive force (EMF) induced in the armature windings can be controlled. According to the principle of electromagnetic induction, the speed of the motor is inversely proportional to the applied voltage. Therefore, reducing the voltage decreases the speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This method is commonly used in applications where a simple and inexpensive speed control mechanism is required.

2. Armature Resistance Control:

Another method to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the armature resistance. By inserting an external resistance in series with the armature windings, the total resistance in the circuit increases. This increase in resistance reduces the armature current, thereby reducing the motor’s speed. Conversely, reducing the resistance increases the armature current and the motor’s speed. However, this method results in significant power loss and reduced motor efficiency due to the dissipation of excess energy as heat in the external resistance.

3. Field Flux Control:

Speed control can also be achieved by controlling the magnetic field strength of the motor’s stator. By altering the field flux, the interaction between the armature current and the magnetic field changes, affecting the motor’s speed. This method can be accomplished by adjusting the field current through the field windings using a field rheostat or by employing a separate power supply for the field windings. By increasing or decreasing the field flux, the speed of the motor can be adjusted accordingly. This method offers good speed regulation and efficiency but requires additional control circuitry.

4. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM):

Pulse Width Modulation is a widely used technique for speed control in DC motors. It involves rapidly switching the applied voltage on and off at a high frequency. The duty cycle, which represents the percentage of time the voltage is on, is varied to control the effective voltage applied to the motor. By adjusting the duty cycle, the average voltage across the motor is modified, thereby controlling its speed. PWM provides precise speed control, high efficiency, and low power dissipation. It is commonly employed in applications such as robotics, industrial automation, and electric vehicles.

5. Closed-Loop Control:

In closed-loop control systems, feedback from the motor’s speed or other relevant parameters is used to regulate the speed. Sensors such as encoders or tachometers measure the motor’s actual speed, which is compared to the desired speed. The difference, known as the error signal, is fed into a control algorithm that adjusts the motor’s input voltage or other control parameters to minimize the error and maintain the desired speed. Closed-loop control provides excellent speed regulation and accuracy, making it suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics and CNC machines.

These methods of speed control provide flexibility and adaptability to various applications, allowing DC motors to be effectively utilized in a wide range of industries and systems.

dc motor

What is the significance of back EMF (electromotive force) in DC motor performance?

The significance of back EMF (electromotive force) in DC motor performance is crucial to understanding the behavior and operation of DC motors. Back EMF is an inherent characteristic of DC motors and plays a pivotal role in their efficiency, speed regulation, and overall performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of the significance of back EMF in DC motor performance:

When a DC motor operates, it generates a voltage known as back EMF or counter electromotive force. This voltage opposes the applied voltage and is caused by the rotation of the motor’s armature within the magnetic field. The back EMF is directly proportional to the rotational speed of the motor.

The significance of back EMF can be understood through the following aspects:

1. Speed Regulation:

Back EMF is crucial for regulating the speed of a DC motor. As the motor rotates faster, the back EMF increases, which reduces the effective voltage across the motor’s armature. Consequently, the armature current decreases, limiting the motor’s speed. This self-regulating characteristic helps maintain a relatively constant speed under varying load conditions. It allows the motor to deliver the required torque while preventing excessive speed that can potentially damage the motor or the driven equipment.

2. Efficiency:

Back EMF plays a significant role in the efficiency of a DC motor. When the motor is loaded and drawing current, the power supplied to the motor is the product of the armature current and the applied voltage. However, the electrical power converted into mechanical power is reduced by the power consumed by the back EMF. The back EMF represents the energy returned to the power supply as the motor generates its own voltage. By reducing the effective voltage across the motor, it helps minimize power losses due to electrical resistance and improves the overall efficiency of the motor.

3. Motor Protection:

The presence of back EMF also provides a level of protection to the motor. When a DC motor is operating and the load on the motor suddenly decreases, such as when the driven equipment is disconnected, the motor’s speed can increase rapidly. This increase in speed leads to a higher back EMF, which reduces the armature current and prevents excessive current flow. By limiting the current, the back EMF helps protect the motor from overloading and potential damage.

4. Voltage Regulation:

Back EMF affects the voltage regulation in a DC motor. When the motor is operating, the back EMF opposes the applied voltage. As the motor load increases, the voltage drop across the armature resistance and other internal losses also increase. The back EMF helps compensate for these voltage drops, ensuring that the motor receives an adequate voltage to maintain its performance and torque output.

5. Control and Dynamic Response:

Back EMF provides valuable information for motor control and dynamic response. By measuring the back EMF voltage, the rotational speed of the motor can be estimated, allowing for precise speed control and feedback. This information is crucial for applications that require accurate speed regulation, such as robotics or industrial automation.

In summary, the significance of back EMF in DC motor performance cannot be overstated. It influences speed regulation, efficiency, motor protection, voltage regulation, and control capabilities. By understanding and utilizing the inherent characteristics of back EMF, engineers can design and optimize DC motor systems for various applications, ensuring reliable and efficient operation.

dc motor

Where can individuals find reliable resources for learning more about DC motors and their applications?

Individuals seeking reliable resources to learn more about DC (Direct Current) motors and their applications can explore various sources that provide comprehensive and accurate information. Here’s a detailed explanation of where individuals can find reliable resources for learning about DC motors:

1. Manufacturer Websites:

Many DC motor manufacturers have dedicated sections on their websites that provide detailed information about their products, including specifications, application notes, technical guides, and whitepapers. These resources offer valuable insights into the design, operation, and application considerations of DC motors. Examples of reputable DC motor manufacturers include Baldor, Maxon Motor, and Faulhaber.

2. Industry Associations and Organizations:

Industry associations and organizations related to electrical engineering, automation, and motor technology can be excellent sources of reliable information. Examples include the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). These associations often provide access to technical publications, research papers, conferences, and educational resources related to DC motors and their applications.

3. Technical Books and Publications:

Technical books and publications authored by experts in the field of electrical engineering and motor technology can provide in-depth knowledge about DC motors. Books such as “Electric Motors and Drives: Fundamentals, Types, and Applications” by Austin Hughes and “Practical Electric Motor Handbook” by Irving Gottlieb are widely regarded as reliable resources for learning about DC motors and their applications.

4. Online Educational Platforms:

Online educational platforms offer a wealth of resources for learning about DC motors. Websites like Coursera, Udemy, and Khan Academy provide online courses, tutorials, and video lectures on electrical engineering, motor theory, and applications. These platforms often have courses specifically dedicated to DC motors, covering topics such as motor principles, control techniques, and practical applications.

5. Research Papers and Scientific Journals:

Research papers published in scientific journals and conference proceedings can provide detailed insights into the latest advancements and research findings related to DC motors. Platforms like IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar can be used to search for scholarly articles on DC motors. These papers are authored by researchers and experts in the field and provide reliable and up-to-date information on various aspects of DC motor technology.

6. Online Forums and Communities:

Online forums and communities focused on electrical engineering, motor technology, and DIY projects can be valuable resources for learning about DC motors. Platforms like Reddit, Stack Exchange (Electrical Engineering section), and specialized motor forums provide opportunities to ask questions, engage in discussions, and learn from experienced individuals in the field. However, it’s important to verify information obtained from online forums as they may contain a mix of opinions and varying levels of expertise.

When accessing these resources, it’s essential to critically evaluate the information and cross-reference it with multiple sources to ensure accuracy and reliability. By utilizing a combination of manufacturer websites, industry associations, technical books, online educational platforms, research papers, and online communities, individuals can gain a comprehensive understanding of DC motors and their applications.

China supplier LG DC 12V 4W Motor   vacuum pump engine	China supplier LG DC 12V 4W Motor   vacuum pump engine
editor by CX 2024-03-02


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