China Best Sales DC Brushless BLDC Mini Motor with 42mm Diameter vacuum pump oil

Product Description

42BL Brushless DC Motor
Basic Info
Item Data
Tem Rise 50K max
Working Humidity 65%
Working Temperature (-30ºC~+85ºC)
Insulation Resistance 100MΩ min  250VDC
Surge Test 350VAC for 3s
Insulation Class A
Drive Type Three phase full wave+PWM modulation 

 

Specification
Part Number Rated Voltage Noload Speed Noload Current Rated Torque Load Speed Load Current Power Stall Current Phases
VDC rpm±10% mA±10% mN.m rpm±10% mA±10% W A  
42BLS-01A 45 7900 300 87.5 6000 1600 55 5 3

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Application: Universal, Industrial, Household Appliances, Car, Power Tools
Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Excitation Mode: Excited
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dc motor

What are the main components of a DC motor, and how do they contribute to its functionality?

A DC (Direct Current) motor consists of several key components that work together to enable its functionality. Each component plays a crucial role in the operation of the motor. Here’s a detailed explanation of the main components of a DC motor and their contributions:

1. Stator:

The stator is the stationary part of the motor. It typically consists of permanent magnets or electromagnets that produce a fixed magnetic field. The stator’s magnetic field interacts with the rotor’s magnetic field to generate the required torque for motor rotation. The stator provides the foundation for the motor’s magnetic field and contributes to its overall stability and efficiency.

2. Rotor:

The rotor is the rotating part of the motor and is connected to the motor’s output shaft. It contains coils or windings that carry the armature current. The rotor’s windings interact with the stator’s magnetic field, resulting in the generation of a mechanical force that causes the rotor to rotate. The rotor’s movement is responsible for converting electrical energy into mechanical motion, enabling the motor to perform its intended function.

3. Armature:

The armature is the core of the rotor that holds the armature windings. The armature windings are typically made of copper wire and are evenly spaced around the armature. When a current passes through the armature windings, a magnetic field is created around them. This magnetic field interacts with the stator’s magnetic field, resulting in the generation of a torque that drives the rotor’s rotation. The armature is a critical component that facilitates the conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy.

4. Commutator:

The commutator is a cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft. It consists of multiple segments, usually made of copper, that are insulated from each other. The commutator plays a vital role in the DC motor’s operation by providing the necessary electrical connections to the armature windings. As the rotor spins, the brushes make physical contact with different commutator segments, effectively reversing the direction of the current in the armature windings at the appropriate timing. This reversal of current flow ensures that the torque generated in the armature windings is always in the same direction, allowing for continuous rotation of the rotor.

5. Brushes:

The brushes are stationary contacts that make physical contact with the commutator segments. They are typically made of carbon or graphite and provide electrical connections to the armature windings. The brushes supply the current to the armature windings through the commutator, allowing for the creation of the magnetic field necessary for motor operation. The brushes need to maintain proper contact with the commutator to ensure efficient electrical transmission and reliable motor performance.

6. Housing or Frame:

The housing or frame of the DC motor encloses and supports all the internal components. It provides structural integrity, protects the motor from external elements, and helps dissipate heat generated during operation. The housing or frame also serves as a mounting point for the motor, allowing it to be securely installed in various applications.

By understanding the main components of a DC motor and their contributions, one can gain insights into how each part works together harmoniously to achieve the desired motor functionality.

dc motor

What is the significance of back EMF (electromotive force) in DC motor performance?

The significance of back EMF (electromotive force) in DC motor performance is crucial to understanding the behavior and operation of DC motors. Back EMF is an inherent characteristic of DC motors and plays a pivotal role in their efficiency, speed regulation, and overall performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of the significance of back EMF in DC motor performance:

When a DC motor operates, it generates a voltage known as back EMF or counter electromotive force. This voltage opposes the applied voltage and is caused by the rotation of the motor’s armature within the magnetic field. The back EMF is directly proportional to the rotational speed of the motor.

The significance of back EMF can be understood through the following aspects:

1. Speed Regulation:

Back EMF is crucial for regulating the speed of a DC motor. As the motor rotates faster, the back EMF increases, which reduces the effective voltage across the motor’s armature. Consequently, the armature current decreases, limiting the motor’s speed. This self-regulating characteristic helps maintain a relatively constant speed under varying load conditions. It allows the motor to deliver the required torque while preventing excessive speed that can potentially damage the motor or the driven equipment.

2. Efficiency:

Back EMF plays a significant role in the efficiency of a DC motor. When the motor is loaded and drawing current, the power supplied to the motor is the product of the armature current and the applied voltage. However, the electrical power converted into mechanical power is reduced by the power consumed by the back EMF. The back EMF represents the energy returned to the power supply as the motor generates its own voltage. By reducing the effective voltage across the motor, it helps minimize power losses due to electrical resistance and improves the overall efficiency of the motor.

3. Motor Protection:

The presence of back EMF also provides a level of protection to the motor. When a DC motor is operating and the load on the motor suddenly decreases, such as when the driven equipment is disconnected, the motor’s speed can increase rapidly. This increase in speed leads to a higher back EMF, which reduces the armature current and prevents excessive current flow. By limiting the current, the back EMF helps protect the motor from overloading and potential damage.

4. Voltage Regulation:

Back EMF affects the voltage regulation in a DC motor. When the motor is operating, the back EMF opposes the applied voltage. As the motor load increases, the voltage drop across the armature resistance and other internal losses also increase. The back EMF helps compensate for these voltage drops, ensuring that the motor receives an adequate voltage to maintain its performance and torque output.

5. Control and Dynamic Response:

Back EMF provides valuable information for motor control and dynamic response. By measuring the back EMF voltage, the rotational speed of the motor can be estimated, allowing for precise speed control and feedback. This information is crucial for applications that require accurate speed regulation, such as robotics or industrial automation.

In summary, the significance of back EMF in DC motor performance cannot be overstated. It influences speed regulation, efficiency, motor protection, voltage regulation, and control capabilities. By understanding and utilizing the inherent characteristics of back EMF, engineers can design and optimize DC motor systems for various applications, ensuring reliable and efficient operation.

dc motor

How does the size and power rating of a DC motor affect its suitability for different tasks?

The size and power rating of a DC (Direct Current) motor play crucial roles in determining its suitability for different tasks and applications. The size and power rating directly impact the motor’s performance characteristics, including its torque output, speed range, efficiency, and overall capabilities. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the size and power rating of a DC motor affect its suitability for different tasks:

Size of DC Motor:

The size of a DC motor refers to its physical dimensions, including its diameter, length, and overall volume. The size of the motor influences its ability to fit into specific spaces or applications with space constraints. Here are some key considerations regarding the size of a DC motor:

1. Space Limitations: In applications where space is limited, such as small robotic systems or compact machinery, smaller-sized DC motors are preferred. These motors provide a more convenient and efficient integration into the overall system design.

2. Weight Constraints: Certain applications, such as drones or lightweight robots, may have strict weight limitations. Smaller-sized DC motors are generally lighter, making them more suitable for weight-sensitive tasks where minimizing the overall system weight is essential.

3. Cooling and Heat Dissipation: The size of a DC motor can impact its ability to dissipate heat generated during operation. Smaller-sized motors may have less surface area for heat dissipation, which can lead to increased operating temperatures. In contrast, larger-sized motors typically have better heat dissipation capabilities, allowing for sustained operation under heavy loads or in high-temperature environments.

Power Rating of DC Motor:

The power rating of a DC motor refers to the maximum power it can deliver or the power it consumes during operation. The power rating determines the motor’s capacity to perform work and influences its performance characteristics. Here are some key considerations regarding the power rating of a DC motor:

1. Torque Output: The power rating of a DC motor is directly related to its torque output. Higher power-rated motors generally provide higher torque, allowing them to handle more demanding tasks or applications that require greater force or load capacity. For example, heavy-duty industrial machinery or electric vehicles often require DC motors with higher power ratings to generate sufficient torque for their intended tasks.

2. Speed Range: The power rating of a DC motor affects its speed range capabilities. Motors with higher power ratings can typically achieve higher speeds, making them suitable for applications that require rapid or high-speed operation. On the other hand, lower power-rated motors may have limited speed ranges, making them more suitable for applications that require slower or controlled movements.

3. Efficiency: The power rating of a DC motor can impact its efficiency. Higher power-rated motors tend to have better efficiency, meaning they can convert a larger proportion of electrical input power into mechanical output power. Increased efficiency is desirable in applications where energy efficiency or battery life is a critical factor, such as electric vehicles or portable devices.

4. Overload Capability: The power rating of a DC motor determines its ability to handle overloads or sudden changes in load conditions. Motors with higher power ratings generally have a greater overload capacity, allowing them to handle temporary load spikes without stalling or overheating. This characteristic is crucial in applications where intermittent or varying loads are common.

Overall, the size and power rating of a DC motor are important factors in determining its suitability for different tasks. Smaller-sized motors are advantageous in space-constrained or weight-sensitive applications, while larger-sized motors offer better heat dissipation and can handle heavier loads. Higher power-rated motors provide greater torque, speed range, efficiency, and overload capability, making them suitable for more demanding tasks. It is crucial to carefully consider the specific requirements of the application and choose a DC motor size and power rating that aligns with those requirements to ensure optimal performance and reliability.

China Best Sales DC Brushless BLDC Mini Motor with 42mm Diameter   vacuum pump oil	China Best Sales DC Brushless BLDC Mini Motor with 42mm Diameter   vacuum pump oil
editor by CX 2024-03-26

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