China supplier DC Gear Motor 12V Back Shaft Length 10mm Mini Worm Gear Motor vacuum pump engine

Product Description

Product Description

voltage
VDC
no load speed
RPM
no load current
mA
stall torque
KG.CM
stall current
A
ratio
12 210 275 5.8 6 47:1
12 130 275 9.4 6 75:1
12 100 275 11.5 6 99:1
12 57 275 18.8 6 172:1
12 43 275 24.8 6 227:1
12 26 275 30 6 378:1
12 19 275 30 6 499:1

technical feature High Power version with 6A stall current:
With 48CPR encoder or not 48CPR
With back shaft or not.
With metal brush or carbon brush.
25mm dc gear motor
This 25mm diameter gearbox motor, the first stage by the spur tooth, helical pinion options, if there is a gear operation requires a small clearance, generally choose helical gear.
At present, there are 2 kinds of voltage, 12V and 24V, and the parameters of the motor are the same.
We have a variety of gearbox ratios, from 10:1 to 499:1.
The same gearbox can also be matched with different motors such as 300,370, etc., to form a wide range of output speeds and torques.
This motor can be equipped with a 12PPR (48CPR) magnetic encoder, so that it has the same function as a servo motor, cost-effective is very high, used in a variety of intelligent control products, such as robots, 3D printers and so on.

Detailed Photos

 

Product Parameters

 

Certifications

Packaging & Shipping

Installation Instructions

Company Profile

Product development process
 

Company culture

FAQ

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Application: Universal, Industrial, Household Appliances, Car, Power Tools
Operating Speed: Low Speed
Excitation Mode: Excited
Function: Driving
Casing Protection: Open Type
Number of Poles: 2
Customization:
Available

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dc motor

What is a DC motor, and how does it differ from other types of electric motors?

A DC (Direct Current) motor is an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical motion. It operates based on the principle of electromagnetic induction and the interaction between current-carrying conductors and magnetic fields. DC motors are widely used in various applications due to their simplicity, controllability, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of what a DC motor is and how it differs from other types of electric motors:

1. Basic Operation:

In a DC motor, electrical energy is supplied to the motor’s armature through a DC power source, typically a battery or a rectified power supply. The armature consists of multiple coils or windings that are evenly spaced around the motor’s rotor. The rotor is a cylindrical core with a shaft that rotates when the motor is energized. When current flows through the armature windings, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the fixed magnetic field produced by the motor’s stator. This interaction generates a torque, causing the rotor to rotate.

2. Commutation:

DC motors employ a commutator and brushes for the conversion of electrical energy and the rotation of the rotor. The commutator consists of a segmented cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft, and the brushes are stationary conductive contacts that make contact with the commutator segments. As the rotor spins, the brushes maintain contact with the commutator segments, periodically reversing the direction of the current flow in the armature windings. This reversal of current flow in the armature windings ensures continuous rotation of the rotor in the same direction.

3. Types of DC Motors:

DC motors can be classified into different types based on their construction and the method of field excitation. The two main types are:

  • Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a mechanical commutator and brushes to switch the current direction in the armature windings. These motors are relatively simple, cost-effective, and offer good torque characteristics. However, the commutator and brushes require regular maintenance and can generate electrical noise and brush wear debris.
  • Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Brushless DC motors, also known as electronically commutated motors (ECMs), use electronic circuits and sensors to control the current flow in the motor windings. They eliminate the need for brushes and commutators, resulting in reduced maintenance and improved reliability. BLDC motors offer higher efficiency, smoother operation, and better speed control compared to brushed DC motors.

4. Speed Control:

DC motors provide excellent speed control capabilities. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed of the DC motor can be regulated. Lowering the voltage reduces the motor’s speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This feature makes DC motors suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics, conveyor systems, and electric vehicles.

5. Advantages and Disadvantages:

DC motors have several advantages, including:

  • Simple construction and easy maintenance (for brushed DC motors).
  • High starting torque.
  • Precise speed control.
  • Good controllability over a wide range of loads.

However, DC motors also have some limitations, such as:

  • Brushed DC motors require periodic maintenance and have limited brush life.
  • Brushed DC motors can generate electrical noise.
  • Brushless DC motors are often more expensive compared to brushed DC motors.

6. Differences from Other Electric Motors:

DC motors differ from other types of electric motors, such as AC (Alternating Current) motors, in several ways:

  • Power Source: DC motors require a DC power source, while AC motors operate from an AC power supply.
  • Speed Control: DC motors offer precise speed control by adjusting the applied voltage, whereas AC motors typically rely on frequency control for speed regulation.
  • Construction: DC motors use a commutator and brushes (in brushed DC motors) or electronic commutation (in brushless DC motors), while AC motors do not require commutation.
  • Starting Torque: DC motors typically provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors.

Overall, DC motors are versatile and widely used in various applications due to their controllability, speed regulation capabilities, and simplicity. The advancements inpower electronics and motor control technologies have further enhanced the performance and efficiency of DC motors, making them a popular choice in many industries.

dc motor

How is the efficiency of a DC motor determined, and what factors can affect it?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, efficiency refers to the ratio of the motor’s output power (mechanical power) to its input power (electrical power). It is a measure of how effectively the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The efficiency of a DC motor can be determined by considering several factors that affect its performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the efficiency of a DC motor is determined and the factors that can influence it:

The efficiency of a DC motor is calculated using the following formula:

Efficiency = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%

1. Output Power: The output power of a DC motor is the mechanical power produced at the motor’s shaft. It can be calculated using the formula:

Output Power = Torque × Angular Speed

The torque is the rotational force exerted by the motor, and the angular speed is the rate at which the motor rotates. The output power represents the useful work or mechanical energy delivered by the motor.

2. Input Power: The input power of a DC motor is the electrical power supplied to the motor. It can be calculated using the formula:

Input Power = Voltage × Current

The voltage is the electrical potential difference applied to the motor, and the current is the amount of electrical current flowing through the motor. The input power represents the electrical energy consumed by the motor.

Once the output power and input power are determined, the efficiency can be calculated using the formula mentioned earlier.

Several factors can influence the efficiency of a DC motor:

1. Copper Losses:

Copper losses occur due to the resistance of the copper windings in the motor. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Higher resistance or increased current flow leads to greater copper losses and reduces the efficiency of the motor. Using thicker wire for the windings and minimizing resistance can help reduce copper losses.

2. Iron Losses:

Iron losses occur due to magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents in the motor’s iron core. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality laminated iron cores and minimizing magnetic flux variations can help reduce iron losses and improve efficiency.

3. Friction and Windage Losses:

Friction and windage losses occur due to mechanical friction between moving parts and air resistance. These losses result in the conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Proper lubrication, efficient bearing systems, and aerodynamically optimized designs can help minimize friction and windage losses.

4. Brush and Commutator Losses:

In brushed DC motors, brush and commutator losses occur due to the friction and electrical resistance at the brush-commutator interface. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality brushes and commutators, reducing brush voltage drop, and minimizing the number of commutator segments can help reduce these losses.

5. Magnetic Field Design:

The design of the magnetic field in the motor significantly affects its efficiency. Optimizing the magnetic field for the specific application, such as selecting appropriate magnet materials or designing efficient electromagnets, can improve the motor’s efficiency.

6. Motor Load:

The load on the motor, including the torque and speed requirements, can impact its efficiency. Operating the motor close to its optimal load conditions or utilizing speed control techniques, such as pulse width modulation (PWM), can help improve efficiency by reducing unnecessary power consumption.

7. Motor Size and Construction:

The size and construction of the motor can influence its efficiency. Properly sizing the motor for the intended application and optimizing the design for reduced losses, improved cooling, and efficient heat dissipation can enhance overall efficiency.

It’s important to note that the efficiency of a DC motor is typically highest at or near its rated load conditions. Deviating significantly from the rated load can result in reduced efficiency.

In summary, the efficiency of a DC motor is determined by comparing the output power to the input power. Factors such as copper losses, iron losses, friction and windage losses, brush and commutator losses, magnetic field design, motor load, and motor size and construction can all influence the efficiency of a DC motor. By considering and optimizing these factors, the overall efficiency of the motor can be improved.

dc motor

Are there safety considerations or maintenance practices associated with DC motors?

Yes, there are safety considerations and maintenance practices associated with DC (Direct Current) motors. DC motors, like any other electrical equipment, require proper handling, maintenance, and adherence to safety guidelines to ensure safe operation and longevity. Here’s a detailed explanation of the safety considerations and maintenance practices associated with DC motors:

Safety Considerations:

Electrical Hazards: DC motors operate with high voltages and currents, posing electrical hazards. It is essential to follow proper electrical safety practices, such as wearing appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and ensuring that electrical connections are secure and insulated. Proper grounding and isolation techniques should be employed to prevent electrical shocks and accidents.

Lockout/Tagout: DC motors, especially in industrial settings, may require maintenance or repair work. It is crucial to implement lockout/tagout procedures to isolate the motor from its power source before performing any maintenance or servicing activities. This ensures that the motor cannot be accidentally energized during work, preventing potential injuries or accidents.

Overheating and Ventilation: DC motors can generate heat during operation. Adequate ventilation and cooling measures should be implemented to prevent overheating, as excessive heat can lead to motor damage or fire hazards. Proper airflow and ventilation around the motor should be maintained, and any obstructions or debris should be cleared.

Mechanical Hazards: DC motors often have rotating parts and shafts. Safety guards or enclosures should be installed to prevent accidental contact with moving components, mitigating the risk of injuries. Operators and maintenance personnel should be trained to handle motors safely and avoid placing their hands or clothing near rotating parts while the motor is running.

Maintenance Practices:

Cleaning and Inspection: Regular cleaning and inspection of DC motors are essential for their proper functioning. Accumulated dirt, dust, or debris should be removed from the motor’s exterior and internal components. Visual inspections should be carried out to check for any signs of wear, damage, loose connections, or overheating. Bearings, if applicable, should be inspected and lubricated as per the manufacturer’s recommendations.

Brush Maintenance: DC motors that use brushes for commutation require regular inspection and maintenance of the brushes. The brushes should be checked for wear, proper alignment, and smooth operation. Worn-out brushes should be replaced to ensure efficient motor performance. Brush holders and springs should also be inspected and cleaned as necessary.

Electrical Connections: The electrical connections of DC motors should be periodically checked to ensure they are tight, secure, and free from corrosion. Loose or damaged connections can lead to voltage drops, overheating, and poor motor performance. Any issues with the connections should be addressed promptly to maintain safe and reliable operation.

Insulation Testing: Insulation resistance testing should be performed periodically to assess the condition of the motor’s insulation system. This helps identify any insulation breakdown or degradation, which can lead to electrical faults or motor failures. Insulation resistance testing should be conducted following appropriate safety procedures and using suitable testing equipment.

Alignment and Balance: Proper alignment and balance of DC motors are crucial for their smooth operation and longevity. Misalignment or imbalance can result in increased vibrations, excessive wear on bearings, and reduced motor efficiency. Regular checks and adjustments should be made to ensure the motor is correctly aligned and balanced as per the manufacturer’s specifications.

Manufacturer’s Recommendations: It is important to refer to the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for specific maintenance practices and intervals. Each DC motor model may have unique requirements, and following the manufacturer’s instructions ensures that maintenance is carried out correctly and in accordance with the motor’s design and specifications.

By adhering to safety considerations and implementing proper maintenance practices, DC motors can operate safely, reliably, and efficiently throughout their service life.

China supplier DC Gear Motor 12V Back Shaft Length 10mm Mini Worm Gear Motor   vacuum pump engine	China supplier DC Gear Motor 12V Back Shaft Length 10mm Mini Worm Gear Motor   vacuum pump engine
editor by CX 2024-04-02


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