China wholesaler Actuator Actuators DC Micro Linear Motor Electric Motors with CCC ODM wholesaler

Product Description

ORGM DC electric micro motor 12v/24v linear actuator

 

GM8S linear actuator Factory Customization can be applied to electric adjustable beds, electric sofas

and massage chairs,for smart home.smart furniture,tv lift.etc.

 

 

Product name  GM8S
Input Voltage(VDC) 12/24V
Load capacity(N) 2500N 1500N 1000N 700N           —             —
Max speed(mm/s) 3 4 6 9           —             —
Stroke length (mm) ≥10mm (option>400)
Retracted length
(mounting length )
stroke+120
Limit Switches Built-in Limit Switch or High Precision Hall Sensor
Duty cycle  10% , max 2 min. continuous use
Operation Temperature -10ºC~40ºC
Color  Black or gray
Option Function Hall sensor / Reed switch /Only push 
Standard CE/ISO

about us
 

ORGM was established in 2571, located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. is a company specializing in the R & D design,production, sales of high-quality linear actuator and telescopic pillar. Our products include 4 broad categories, such as Linear Actuator, lifting post, controller and power adapter. The products are widely used in medical equipment, instrument, office furniture, electric heating stove, home decoration, fitness equipment, artificial intelligence,etc.Automatic controller and electrical equipment, etc.

 

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Certification: CCC, ISO, CE
Limit Switch: Built-in
Voltage: 12V/24V
Standard Stroke: ≥10
Max Thrust: 2500
Duty Cycle: 10%, Max 2 Min. Continuous Use
Samples:
US$ 8/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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dc motor

How does the speed control of a DC motor work, and what methods are commonly employed?

The speed control of a DC (Direct Current) motor is essential for achieving precise control over its rotational speed. Various methods can be employed to regulate the speed of a DC motor, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation of how speed control of a DC motor works and the commonly employed methods:

1. Voltage Control:

One of the simplest methods to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the applied voltage. By adjusting the voltage supplied to the motor, the electromotive force (EMF) induced in the armature windings can be controlled. According to the principle of electromagnetic induction, the speed of the motor is inversely proportional to the applied voltage. Therefore, reducing the voltage decreases the speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This method is commonly used in applications where a simple and inexpensive speed control mechanism is required.

2. Armature Resistance Control:

Another method to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the armature resistance. By inserting an external resistance in series with the armature windings, the total resistance in the circuit increases. This increase in resistance reduces the armature current, thereby reducing the motor’s speed. Conversely, reducing the resistance increases the armature current and the motor’s speed. However, this method results in significant power loss and reduced motor efficiency due to the dissipation of excess energy as heat in the external resistance.

3. Field Flux Control:

Speed control can also be achieved by controlling the magnetic field strength of the motor’s stator. By altering the field flux, the interaction between the armature current and the magnetic field changes, affecting the motor’s speed. This method can be accomplished by adjusting the field current through the field windings using a field rheostat or by employing a separate power supply for the field windings. By increasing or decreasing the field flux, the speed of the motor can be adjusted accordingly. This method offers good speed regulation and efficiency but requires additional control circuitry.

4. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM):

Pulse Width Modulation is a widely used technique for speed control in DC motors. It involves rapidly switching the applied voltage on and off at a high frequency. The duty cycle, which represents the percentage of time the voltage is on, is varied to control the effective voltage applied to the motor. By adjusting the duty cycle, the average voltage across the motor is modified, thereby controlling its speed. PWM provides precise speed control, high efficiency, and low power dissipation. It is commonly employed in applications such as robotics, industrial automation, and electric vehicles.

5. Closed-Loop Control:

In closed-loop control systems, feedback from the motor’s speed or other relevant parameters is used to regulate the speed. Sensors such as encoders or tachometers measure the motor’s actual speed, which is compared to the desired speed. The difference, known as the error signal, is fed into a control algorithm that adjusts the motor’s input voltage or other control parameters to minimize the error and maintain the desired speed. Closed-loop control provides excellent speed regulation and accuracy, making it suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics and CNC machines.

These methods of speed control provide flexibility and adaptability to various applications, allowing DC motors to be effectively utilized in a wide range of industries and systems.

dc motor

What role does commutation play in the operation of a DC motor?

In the operation of a DC (Direct Current) motor, commutation plays a crucial role in ensuring the continuous rotation of the motor and the conversion of electrical energy into mechanical motion. It is the process by which the direction of the current in the armature winding is periodically reversed to maintain a constant torque and facilitate the rotation of the motor. Here’s a detailed explanation of the role of commutation in the operation of a DC motor:

Commutation is necessary in a DC motor because the magnetic field generated by the armature winding needs to be constantly aligned with the stator’s magnetic field for efficient torque production. The stator of a DC motor typically consists of permanent magnets or electromagnets that create a fixed magnetic field. The armature winding, located on the rotor, produces a magnetic field that interacts with the stator’s field to generate torque.

The commutation process is achieved through the use of a commutator and brushes. The commutator is a cylindrical ring with multiple segments, while the brushes are conductive contacts that make physical contact with the commutator segments. The armature winding is connected to the commutator, and as the rotor spins, the brushes maintain contact with different segments.

As the rotor rotates, the commutator and brushes ensure that the direction of the current in the armature winding is reversed at specific intervals. This reversal of current flow is necessary to maintain a consistent torque in the same rotational direction. Without commutation, the torque generated by the motor would fluctuate in both magnitude and direction, leading to instability and erratic motor behavior.

The commutation process involves two stages: mechanical commutation and electrical commutation.

1. Mechanical Commutation: As the rotor rotates, the brushes make contact with different segments of the commutator. The segments are insulated from each other to prevent short circuits. When the brushes move from one segment to another, the current flowing through the armature winding is switched to a different coil or set of coils. This mechanical switching ensures that the magnetic fields produced by the winding are properly aligned with the stator’s field, resulting in continuous torque production.

2. Electrical Commutation: The reversal of current in the armature winding is achieved through electrical commutation. When the brushes make contact with a new commutator segment, the current flow in the winding is redirected to maintain the desired torque direction. The timing and sequence of the current reversal are critical to ensure smooth and efficient motor operation.

The commutation process in a DC motor is a dynamic and continuous operation. It allows for the conversion of electrical energy into mechanical motion by providing a consistent torque output. The efficiency and performance of the motor are greatly influenced by the quality and effectiveness of the commutation process.

In summary, commutation plays a vital role in the operation of a DC motor by ensuring the continuous rotation of the motor and the production of consistent torque. It involves the mechanical and electrical switching of the current direction in the armature winding, facilitated by the commutator and brushes.

dc motor

How does the size and power rating of a DC motor affect its suitability for different tasks?

The size and power rating of a DC (Direct Current) motor play crucial roles in determining its suitability for different tasks and applications. The size and power rating directly impact the motor’s performance characteristics, including its torque output, speed range, efficiency, and overall capabilities. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the size and power rating of a DC motor affect its suitability for different tasks:

Size of DC Motor:

The size of a DC motor refers to its physical dimensions, including its diameter, length, and overall volume. The size of the motor influences its ability to fit into specific spaces or applications with space constraints. Here are some key considerations regarding the size of a DC motor:

1. Space Limitations: In applications where space is limited, such as small robotic systems or compact machinery, smaller-sized DC motors are preferred. These motors provide a more convenient and efficient integration into the overall system design.

2. Weight Constraints: Certain applications, such as drones or lightweight robots, may have strict weight limitations. Smaller-sized DC motors are generally lighter, making them more suitable for weight-sensitive tasks where minimizing the overall system weight is essential.

3. Cooling and Heat Dissipation: The size of a DC motor can impact its ability to dissipate heat generated during operation. Smaller-sized motors may have less surface area for heat dissipation, which can lead to increased operating temperatures. In contrast, larger-sized motors typically have better heat dissipation capabilities, allowing for sustained operation under heavy loads or in high-temperature environments.

Power Rating of DC Motor:

The power rating of a DC motor refers to the maximum power it can deliver or the power it consumes during operation. The power rating determines the motor’s capacity to perform work and influences its performance characteristics. Here are some key considerations regarding the power rating of a DC motor:

1. Torque Output: The power rating of a DC motor is directly related to its torque output. Higher power-rated motors generally provide higher torque, allowing them to handle more demanding tasks or applications that require greater force or load capacity. For example, heavy-duty industrial machinery or electric vehicles often require DC motors with higher power ratings to generate sufficient torque for their intended tasks.

2. Speed Range: The power rating of a DC motor affects its speed range capabilities. Motors with higher power ratings can typically achieve higher speeds, making them suitable for applications that require rapid or high-speed operation. On the other hand, lower power-rated motors may have limited speed ranges, making them more suitable for applications that require slower or controlled movements.

3. Efficiency: The power rating of a DC motor can impact its efficiency. Higher power-rated motors tend to have better efficiency, meaning they can convert a larger proportion of electrical input power into mechanical output power. Increased efficiency is desirable in applications where energy efficiency or battery life is a critical factor, such as electric vehicles or portable devices.

4. Overload Capability: The power rating of a DC motor determines its ability to handle overloads or sudden changes in load conditions. Motors with higher power ratings generally have a greater overload capacity, allowing them to handle temporary load spikes without stalling or overheating. This characteristic is crucial in applications where intermittent or varying loads are common.

Overall, the size and power rating of a DC motor are important factors in determining its suitability for different tasks. Smaller-sized motors are advantageous in space-constrained or weight-sensitive applications, while larger-sized motors offer better heat dissipation and can handle heavier loads. Higher power-rated motors provide greater torque, speed range, efficiency, and overload capability, making them suitable for more demanding tasks. It is crucial to carefully consider the specific requirements of the application and choose a DC motor size and power rating that aligns with those requirements to ensure optimal performance and reliability.

China wholesaler Actuator Actuators DC Micro Linear Motor Electric Motors with CCC ODM   wholesaler China wholesaler Actuator Actuators DC Micro Linear Motor Electric Motors with CCC ODM   wholesaler
editor by CX 2024-05-13

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